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Oral Maxillofacial Surgery and Cosmetic Dental Surgery - An Outline

on Sat Oct 20, 2018 4:10 pm
Oral Maxillofacial Surgery is just a unique discipline that marries medicine and dentistry. It entails an entire wide range of diseases and procedures from simple ones like impacted wisdom tooth and wisdom tooth surgery to complex complicated ones like jaw abnormalities and corrective jaw surgery. Complex reconstructive work like in a fibula free transfer graft also falls under the arm of oral maxillofacial surgery and might be done with the appropriate support and expertise.

Oral maxillofacial surgery since the name suggests refers to disease and procedures of the oral cavity and the region immediately surrounding it. It could even stretch as far up because the eyes and as low down because the neck. Simple diseases that falls under the branch of oral maxillofacial surgery includes tooth decay warranting tooth extraction and impacted wisdom tooth or an impacted or buried tooth that requires wisdom tooth surgery in the case of a wisdom tooth or just dento- alveolar surgery in case of other teeth.

Soft tissue lesions like a lump on the lip e.g. mucocele and the management also falls under the care of oral maxillofacial surgery. The excision of the mucocele or some other soft lesions is completed under local anesthesia and sometimes general anesthesia. And often Oral Pathology Los Angeles, the tissue is provided for the pathology lab for a routine histology to verify the diagnosis. Biopsies be it an incisional biopsy or excisional biopsy is also done.

Bigger lesions and pathologies like a dentigerous cyst, odontogenic keratocyst or an ameloblastoma are also routinely managed under oral maxillofacial surgery. Managements includes simple enucleation of the cyst to resection of the pathology.

Facial trauma also falls under the management and care of oral maxillofacial surgery. Lacerations of the lips and face and fracture of the jaw bones and facial bones are normal devote a medical facility and the management is normally handled by the oral maxillofacial department. Toilet and suture of the lacerations may be done under local anesthesia or general anesthesia with respect to the extent of the injury. And more often than not, if there is an associated fracture, the open reduction and internal fixation of the jaw or facial bones are done alongside the lacerations under general anesthesia.

Dental and oral maxillofacial implants are another area where oral maxillofacial surgery is involved in. The keeping dental implants to restore missing teeth in the jaw is gaining popularity and exists by oral maxillofacial surgery. Besides dental implants, the oral maxillofacial surgical team also do maxillofacial implants such as for example orbit implants and otic or ear implants. Additionally they offer answers to complicated or difficult cases such as people that have bone deficiencies.

Temporomandibular joint disorders (TMD) also falls under the care and management of oral maxillofacial surgery. Jaw joint is really a common problem and is normally related to stress or trauma. It may even be due on track physiological wear and tear. But whatever the cause, it can be a worry for the patient. The majority of the time though, the jaw joint or TMD pain is caused by myalgia which involves the inflammation of the muscles of mastication.

Dental infection or facial infection ultimately causing swelling can be commonly treated by oral maxillofacial surgery. Many a times the swelling of the facial skin is attributed to a dental cause and the prompt identification of the cause and removal of the source along with antibiotic therapy is adequate treatment. Incision and drainage (I&D) can also be commonly instituted.

Corrective jaw surgery and reconstructive jaw surgery can be commonly carried out by the oral maxillofacial surgical team. In cases of jaw abnormalities requiring corrective jaw surgery, the oral maxillofacial surgical team will work alongside the orthodontist to co manage the patient. In reconstructive surgery, after having a major trauma or pathology removing surgery, the oral maxillofacial surgical team will decide the graft to be utilized and stick it appropriately and reconstruct the face.

Cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery may also be commonly done. Treatments such as for instance botox administration for the treatment of wrinkles and use of fillers for the facial region is gaining popularity and more and more oral maxillofacial surgeons are venturing into this department because of the demand. Other treatments offered are rhinoplasty and blepharoplasty.
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